This test may exhibit interference when sample is collected from a person who is consuming a supplement with a high dose of biotin (also termed as vitamin B7 or B8, vitamin H, or coenzyme R). It is recommended to ask all patients who may be indicated for this test about biotin supplementation. Patients should be cautioned to stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection of a sample.
1 - 3 days
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
0.3 mL (Note: This volume does not allow for repeat testing.)
Red-top tube or gel-barrier tube
Separate serum from cells, and transfer specimen to a plastic transport tube.
Gross hemolysis; gross lipemia
Detect and confirm autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis
Thyroglobulin antibody results should be interpreted in light of the total clinical presentation of the patient, including symptoms, clinical history, data from additional tests, and other appropriate information.
Immunochemiluminometric assay (ICMA)
The United States NHANES III survey reported a TgAb prevalence of approximately 10% for the general population, measured by competitive immunoassay.1 This study reported that 3% of subjects with no risk factors for thyroid disease had detectable TgAb without associated presence of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies.1 TgAb prevalence has been shown to be approximately twofold higher than normal for patients diagnosed with disseminated thyroid carcinoma (~20%).2,3 It has been suggested that low levels may represent "natural" antibody in healthy individuals or, alternatively, may represent underlying silent autoimmune thyroid disease.4 There is some debate over the clinical utility of serum TgAb measurement for assessing the presence of thyroid autoimmunity in areas of iodide sufficiency.4,5 In iodide-deficient areas, however, TgAb is believed to be useful for detecting autoimmune thyroid disease, especially for patients with a nodular goiter. TgAb measurements are also useful for monitoring iodide therapy for endemic goiter, since iodinated Tg molecules are more immunogenic. Sera samples were obtained in the United States for males <30 years of age following the criteria outlined by the National Academy of Clinical Biochemists (NACB) for establishing a normal reference range for thyroid tests.6,7 The screening criteria included serum TSH levels between 0.5 and 2.0 mIU/L, no personal or family history of thyroid disease, and absence of nonthyroid autoimmune disease. One hundred thirty-seven screened samples were tested, generating a 95% nonparametric upper reference limit below 4 IU/mL. Additionally, 519 samples were collected in the United States for both males and females ranging from 18 to 74 years of age. The screening criteria included serum TSH levels between 0.5 and 2.0 mIU/L, no personal or family history of thyroid disease, and absence of nonthyroid autoimmune disease. Of the 519 samples tested, 96% fell below 4 IU/mL.
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|006685||Thyroglobulin Antibody||006706||Thyroglobulin Antibody||IU/mL||8098-6|
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