Albumin, 24-Hour Urine

CPT: 82043
Print Share

Test Details


  • Albumin, Urine
  • Microalbumin


Measurement of albumin levels in urine below the detection level of urine dipsticks. This test is useful in the management of patients with relatively early diabetes mellitus to assist in avoiding or delaying the onset of diabetic renal disease.


Because of the inherent day-to-day variability of albumin excretion into the urine, two of three albumin levels measured within a three-month to six-month period should be abnormal before considering a patient to have crossed a diagnostic threshold.1 Physical exercise during the previous 24 hours and during the period of collection can cause a transient elevation in albumin. Other variables, including infection, fever, congestive heart failure, marked hyperglycemia, and marked hypertension can result in increased albumin levels.



Reference Interval

• Normal: 0−30 mg/day

• Albuminuria: 30−300 mg/day

• Clinical albuminuria: >300 mg/day

Additional Information

Albumin accounts for approximately 50% of the protein in plasma.2 The kidney works to prevent the loss of albumin into the urine through active resorption, but a small amount of albumin can be measured in urine of individuals with normal renal function.

The prognostic value of consistently elevated albumin levels is particularly well established in diabetic patients.1 Renal disease is a common microvascular complication of diabetes. Without specific interventions, 80% of type I diabetics with repeatedly elevated albumin levels will go on to end-stage renal disease. Twenty percent to 40% of type II diabetics with sustained albuminuria will progress to overt nephropathy.

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that routine urinalysis should be performed annually on adults with diabetes.1 If the urinalysis is negative for protein, albumin measurement is recommended. The ADA also recommends annual screening of children beginning at puberty or after five years disease duration. The reference intervals stated above reflect the diagnostic criteria prescribed by the ADA.1

Specimen Requirements


Urine (24-hour)


10 mL aliquot

Minimum Volume

1 mL aliquot


Plastic urine container


Collect 24-hour urine without preservatives. pH must be 4 to 8.

Storage Instructions

Room temperature

Stability Requirements



Room temperature

15 days


15 days


15 days

Freeze/thaw cycles

Stable x3

Causes for Rejection

Bloody specimen

Clinical Information


1. American Diabetes Association. Position statement: Diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes Care. 1997; 20(50):S24-S27.
2. Sacks DB. Carbohydrates. In Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, eds. Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co;1999:750-808.


Metcalf P, Baker J, Scott A, et al. Albuminuria in people at least 40 years old: Effect of obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Clin Chem. 1992 Sep; 38(9):1802-1808.1526018


Order Code Order Code Name Order Loinc Result Code Result Code Name UofM Result LOINC
140050 Albumin, 24-Hr Urine 140097 Albumin, Urine ug/mL 14957-5
140050 Albumin, 24-Hr Urine 140063 Albumin,Urine mg/day mg/day 1755-8

For Providers

Please login to order a test.


© 2019  Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings and Lexi-Comp Inc. All Rights Reserved.

CPT Statement/Profile Statement

The LOINC® codes are copyright © 1994-2018, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. Permission is granted in perpetuity, without payment of license fees or royalties, to use, copy, or distribute the LOINC® codes for any commercial or non-commercial purpose, subject to the terms under the license agreement found at Additional information regarding LOINC® codes can be found at, including the LOINC Manual, which can be downloaded at