Patient Test Information

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 5

Related Pages

On This Site Conditions: kidney disease, liver disease, cardiovascular disease

Elsewhere On The Web MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Therapeutic drug levelsMedlinePlus: Drugs and Supplements

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents. AIDS Info. Available online at through Accessed January 9, 2014. Last updated February 13, 2013.

Therapeutic Drug Levels. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at Last updated May 12, 2011. Accessed January 7, 2013.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM). Quest Diagnostics. Available online at through Copyright © 2000-2014 Quest Diagnostics Incorporate. Accessed January 7, 2014.

Management Options: Drug Therapy Requiring Intensive Monitoring for Toxicity. Palmetto GBA Medicare Part B OH/WV/SC. Available online through Issued July 2009. Accessed January 9, 2013.

Commonly monitored drugs. Siemens. Available online at through Accessed January 9, 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, Correlations. Bishop M, Duben-Engelkirk J, Fody E, eds. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.

National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry. Guidelines for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Services. Edited by Ann Warner and Thomas Annesley. Available online at through

Larry A. Broussard, PhD. Clinical Laboratory Sciences, LSU Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA.

Catherine A. Hammett-Stabler, PhD.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 814-817.

Greco, F. (2005 October 27, Updated). Therapeutic drug levels. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: [On-line information]. Available online at

Bottorff, M. (© 2005) Toxicology, Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at through

Labcorp. (© 2001) Therapeutic Drug Monitoring [On-line information]. Available online at through

Laboratory for Antiviral Research at the University at Buffalo School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences: HIV Drug Interactions and TDM Registry. Available online at

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, Bruns DE, eds. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp. 1237-1239, 1247-1248.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2007, 308-309.

Johns Hopkins POC-IT Center. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, Antiretroviral therapy. Available online at through Accessed May 2010.

Tomson T, Dahl ML, Kimland E. Therapeutic monitoring of antiepileptic drugs for epilepsy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007; Medline abstract. Available online at through Accessed May 2010.