Adenovirus (Type 40/41)/Rotavirus, Direct Detection EIA

CPT: 87301; 87425
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Test Details

Use

Rapid detection of adenovirus (type 40/41) and rotavirus from stool specimens of patient suspected of having viral gastroenteritis

Methodology

Immunoassay (IA)

Reference Interval

Negative

Additional Information

Rotavirus is an extremely common cause of pediatric gastroenteritis. The illness is most common in winter, is highly contagious, involves five to eight days of diarrhea, and is rarely fatal.1 Patients should also be evaluated for possible bacterial gastroenteritis.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen

Stool

Volume

4 mL liquid stool or 2 g semiformed stool

Container

Sterile screw-cap container

Storage Instructions

Refrigerate.

Causes for Rejection

Bacterial swab specimen; diapers; unlabeled specimen or name discrepancy between specimen and request label; specimen transported at room temperature; inappropriate specimen transport device; specimen received after prolonged delay (usually more than 72 hours); specimen submitted in formalin; specimen in viral transport media or preservative

Clinical Information

Footnotes

1. Christensen ML, Howard C. Viruses causing gastroenteritis. In: Balows A, Hausler WJ, et al, eds. Manual of Clinical Microbiology. 5th ed. Washington, DC: ASM Press;1991:950-958.

References

Christensen ML. Human viral gastroenteritis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1989 Jan; 2(1):51-89. 2644024
Gray LD. Novel viruses associated with gastroenteritis. Clin Microbiol Newslet. 1991 Sep 15; 13(18):137-144.

LOINC® Map

Order Code Order Code Name Order Loinc Result Code Result Code Name UofM Result LOINC
187013 Adenovirus (40/41)/Rotavirus 006867 Rotavirus Ag, EIA 5880-0
187013 Adenovirus (40/41)/Rotavirus 185041 Adenovirus 40/41 Ag, EIA 6306-5

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