Analysis of active metabolite, 10-hydroxy carbamazepine (MHD)
2 - 4 days
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
Serum or plasma
Red-top tube, lavender-top (EDTA) tube, or green-top (heparin) tube. Do not use a gel-barrier tube. The use of gel-barrier tubes is not recommended due to slow absorption of the drug by the gel. Depending on the specimen volume and storage time, the decrease in drug level due to absorption may be clinically significant.
Transfer separated serum or plasma to a plastic transport tube.
Maintain specimen at room temperature.
Gross lipemia; hemolysis; icteric specimen; gel-barrier tube
Oxcarbazepine is an antiepileptic drug, indicated for use as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy. It is used in adjunctive therapy in epileptic children between the ages of four and 16.
Clinically significant hyponatremia (sodium <125 mmol/L) can develop during oxcarbazepine use. This generally occurs during the first three months of treatment.
This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Labcorp. It has not been cleared or approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS)
Oxcarbazepine is the prodrug for its active metabolite, 10-hydroxy-carbamazepine (MHD). MHD reaches maximal serum concentrations in three to five hours after oral ingestion and is 40% bound to protein. The elimination half-life is 8 to 15 hours.1 Co-administration of other antiepileptic drugs (eg, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidone) causes decreases in MHD serum levels.2
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
© 2021 Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings and Lexi-Comp Inc. All Rights Reserved.
CPT Statement/Profile Statement
The LOINC® codes are copyright © 1994-2021, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. Permission is granted in perpetuity, without payment of license fees or royalties, to use, copy, or distribute the LOINC® codes for any commercial or non-commercial purpose, subject to the terms under the license agreement found at https://loinc.org/license/. Additional information regarding LOINC® codes can be found at LOINC.org, including the LOINC Manual, which can be downloaded at LOINC.org/downloads/files/LOINCManual.pdf