1 - 3 days
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
For more information, please view the literature below.
Dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 and the Adaptive Immune Response White Paper
0.7 mL (Note: This volume does not allow for repeat testing.)
Gel-barrier tube, red-top tube or serum transfer tube
Standard aseptic procedures
Qualitative detection of high affinity antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein, the virus that causes COVID-19, to aid in identifying individuals with an adaptive immune response to SARS-CoV-2, indicating recent or prior infection. Note: This assay will not detect antibodies induced by currently available SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. This assay enriches detection of higher affinity antibodies which are more likely to be specific for SARS-CoV-2 N protein. While this assay in principle can detect high affinity antibodies of all isotypes (i.e., IgG, IgA, IgM), it preferentially detects IgG antibodies since these are more likely to evolve to become high affinity. Serologic results should not be used as the sole basis to diagnosis or exclude recent SARS-CoV-2 infection. This test is recommended for individuals at greater than or equal to 14 days post-symptom onset or following exposure to individuals with confirmed COVID-19.The incubation period for COVID-19 ranges from 5 to 7 days.
This test has not been FDA cleared or approved. This test has been authorized by FDA under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA). This test is only authorized for the duration of the declaration that circumstances exist justifying the authorization of emergency use of in vitro diagnostics for detection and/or diagnosis of COVID-19 under Section 564(b)(1) of the Act, 21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(b)(1), unless the authorization is terminated or revoked sooner. This test has been authorized only for detecting the presence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, not for any other viruses or pathogens. Negative results do not rule out SARS-CoV-2 infection, particularly in those who have been in contact with the virus. Follow-up testing with a molecular diagnostic should be considered to rule out infection in these individuals. Results from antibody testing should not be used as the sole basis to diagnose or exclude SARS-CoV-2 infection or to inform infection status. False positive results infrequently occur due to prior infection with other human Coronaviruses.
Note: This assay will not detect antibodies induced by currently available SARS-CoV-2 vaccines.
Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA)
Current literature suggests that detectable antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 develop approximately 8 to 11 days following onset of symptoms. Correlation with epidemiologic risk factors and other clinical and laboratory findings is recommended. A positive serologic result is not diagnostic but indicates that an individual has likely been infected with SARS-CoV-2 and produced an immune response to the virus. It is not known at this time whether detectable antibody correlates with immunity. A negative serologic result indicates that an individual has not developed detectable antibodies at the time of testing. While contingent on a variety of factors, this could be due to testing too early in the course of infection, the absence of exposure to the virus, or the lack of adequate immune response, which can be due to conditions or treatments that suppress immune function.
FDA-authorized Fact sheets for patients and providers can be accessed at the following link: https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/emergency-situations-medical-devices/emergency-use-authorizations#covid19ivd.
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|164068||SARS-CoV-2 Ab, Nucleocapsid||94762-2||164069||SARS-CoV-2 Ab, Nucleocapsid||94762-2|
|Reflex Table for SARS-CoV-2 Ab, Nucleocapsid|
|Order Code||Order Name||Result Code||Result Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
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