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Within 1 day
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
Serum (preferred) or plasma
Red-top tube, gel-barrier tube, lavender-top (EDTA) tube, or green-top (heparin) tube
Separate serum or plasma from cells within 45 minutes of collection.
Patients are not required to fast prior to blood collection. Nonfasting and fasting samples can be used. Nonfasting results are slightly lower than fasting results.
Use of anticoagulants containing citrate
For the direct determination of LDL cholesterol in nonfasting patients or in patients whose fasting triglycerides are >400 mg/dL, where the estimation of LDL by calculation may not be possible or may lead to inaccuracies. LDL cholesterol measurement, in conjunction with other lipid measurements, has been shown to be useful in assessing the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)1 has stated that LDL cholesterol should be the “key index” in determination of CHD risk. Laboratory estimation of LDL cholesterol is most commonly determined by the use of formulas, such as the Friedewald formula.2 Use of this formula is limited to fasting samples with triglycerides <400 mg/dL. Triglyceride values between 250−400 mg/dL may also be associated with errors in LDL cholesterol estimation by calculation which, in turn, can lead to misclassification of the patient in regard to the NCEP guidelines.3
NCEP guidelines for interpretation (see Reference Interval) are based on serum values, and when classifying patients, serum or serum equivalent values should be used. For this direct LDL method, a factor of 1.06 should be used to convert EDTA plasma values to serum values. There is no significant interference from hemolysis up to 10.0 g/L hemoglobin, from bilirubin up to 30 mg/dL, and from triglycerides up to 1200 mg/dL. Abnormal liver function affects lipid metabolism; consequently, HDL and LDL results may be of limited diagnostic value in patients with hepatic disorders.
Enzymatic/spectrophotometric without sample pretreatment
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|120295||LDL Cholesterol (Direct)||18262-6||120297||LDL Chol. (Direct)||mg/dL||18262-6|
|120295||LDL Cholesterol (Direct)||18262-6||011831||Comment:||77202-0|
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