4 - 6 days
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
Serum, protected from light
0.25 mL (Note: This volume does not allow for repeat testing.)
Serum gel-barrier tube or red-top tube
The specimen is to be collected into serum gel tube or red-top tube. Transfer serum into an amber plastic transport tube, LabCorp order no. 23598. Protect from light.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is also referred to as ubiquinone because it can be found in almost all eukaryotic cells.1 CoQ10 embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane is an essential component of the electron transport chain and plays a role in the ATP-producing oxidative phosphorylation.1 CoQ10 is also a powerful lipid-soluble antioxidant protecting cell membranes and lipoproteins.1 CoQ10 is present in the plasma in both the reduced (ubiquinol) and oxidized (ubiquinone) forms.2 The reduced form of CoQ10 is the only endogenously synthesized lipophilic antioxidant and as such, serves to protect biological membranes against oxidation as well as inhibiting the peroxidation of lipoproteins in the circulation.2 Reduced CoQ10 in plasma may also have a role recycling vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol).3
This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by LabCorp. It has not been cleared or approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS)
CoQ10 deficiency syndromes are quite rare and are clinically and genetically heterogeneous.4 These conditions have been classified into five major clinical phenotypes: 1. encephalomyopathy; 2. severe infantile multisystemic disease; 3. cerebellar ataxia; 4. isolated myopathy; and 5. nephrotic syndrome. In some cases, specific mutations have been identified in genes involved in the biosynthesis of CoQ10 (primary CoQ10 deficiencies) or in genes not directly related to CoQ10 biosynthesis (secondary CoQ10 deficiencies.4 Respiratory chain defects, reactive oxygen species production, and apoptosis are variably characteristics of primary CoQ10 deficiencies.5 Several of these conditions are responsive to CoQ10 administration.6
CoQ10 is endogenously synthesized via the mevalonate pathway, and some is obtained from the diet with meat products being the principal source.2 CoQ10 supplements are available over the counter.2 Due to its lipophilic nature, CoQ10 is transported in lipoprotein particles in the circulation and plasma levels tend to correlate with serum total and LDL-cholesterol.2
Statins lower blood cholesterol levels by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of cholesterol.2,7 This same enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of CoQ10 through the mevalonate pathway. Plasma CoQ10 concentrations are reduced in patients receiving statin therapy.2 The magnitude of CoQ10 decline is dose related and can be reversed by discontinuing therapy.2 It has been postulated that the drop in plasma levels may, in part, reflect by the statin-induced reduction in LDL cholesterol containing particles in the blood stream. The reduction in these lipid particles reduces capacity of the plasma to carry the hydrophobic CoQ10 molecules.2 Alternatively, the lower plasma levels may reflect diminished synthesis of CoQ10 as the result of statin inhibition of HMG-CoA.2,7 A number of studies have reported a drop in the CoQ10 to LDL-cholesterol ratio in plasma after statin treatment.2 This supports the conjecture that CoQ10 depletion is caused by diminished production as well as decreased LDL carriers.2
Statins are generally well tolerated. However, their use has been associated with muscle complaints (myopathy) that range from clinically benign myalgia to more serious myositis, and in rare cases, life-threatening rhabdomyolysis. A variety of mechanisms have been proposed to explain statin-induced myopathy with some proposing that the symptoms may be caused by mitochondrial dysfunction resulting from depletion of CoQ10.7 The results of a recent meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials do not suggest any significant benefit of CoQ10 supplementation in improving statin-induced myopathy.9
CoQ10 supplementation is commonly used in clinical practice in the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure, male infertility, and neurodegenerative disease.1,6,10,11 Recent findings point to a role of CoQ10 in improving endothelial function in cardiovascular disease.6 A meta-analysis of clinical trials found that CoQ10 supplementation significantly reduced diastolic pressure in hypertensive patients.8 Clinical studies are ongoing related to the effectiveness of CoQ10 supplementation in the treatment of a number of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease, Huntington's diseases and Friedreich's ataxia.6 CoQ10 has been found to improve sperm count and motility.6 CoQ10 treatment has also been found to be useful in other conditions ranging from decreasing the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnancy to mitigating headache symptoms in adults and children with migraine.6
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|120251||Coenzyme Q10, Total||27923-2||120252||Coenzyme Q10, Total||ug/mL||27923-2|
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