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Enumeration of eosinophils with a cell counter
Within 1 day
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
Tube fill capacity
0.5 mL (500 μL for Pediatric Microtainer capillary tubes; fill tube to capacity) (Note: This volume does not allow for repeat testing.)
Lavender-top (EDTA) tube
Invert tube 8 to 10 times immediately after tube is filled at the time of collection.
Maintain specimen at room temperature.
Hemolysis; clotted specimen; quantity not sufficient for analysis; specimen diluted or contaminated with IV fluid; anticoagulant other than EDTA; specimen received with plasma removed; improper labeling; transport tube with whole blood
Usually increased in allergy, parasitic infestations, tuberculosis, brucellosis, collagen disease, Hodgkin disease, myeloproliferative diseases, and the acute hypereosinophilic syndrome; increased also in angioneurotic edema, dermatitis, thymic disorders, radiotherapy, splenectomy, convalescence from a febrile illness, and hypoadrenocorticism (Addison disease). Decreased eosinophils occurs in adrenal cortical hyperplasia (Cushing syndrome), cortisone therapy, hormone-secreting tumors, intermenstrual period, acute and chronic inflammation, and anoxia.
Automated cell counter
Toxocaral disease (visceral larva migrans) is a typical parasitic disease in which eosinophil counts (eosinophils >30% on differential) are usually elevated. Taylor et al1 point out, however, that up to 27% of children with toxocariasis have normal eosinophil counts. Thus, normal eosinophil counts do not rule out toxocaral disease or other parasitic infestations. The cytokine interleukin 5 appears to induce eosinophilia in patients with certain parasitic diseases.2
An important although rare cause of increased eosinophils in the peripheral blood is the acute hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). Reported mortalities ranged from 81% to 95% in one to three years. The HES syndrome includes high peripheral WBC count, circulating early eosinophilic forms without blast cells, mental confusion, delusions, near coma, and severe cardiac symptoms. Consistently associated with a poor prognosis are WBC count ≥90,000/mm3, blast forms in blood, heart failure, and severe CNS symptoms (confusion, organic psychosis and coma). This condition may not be a true leukemic myeloproliferative disease, although concepts of HES are controversial.
Infiltrative lung diseases, in which peripheral blood eosinophils may be increased, include eosinophilic pneumonia, Löffler syndrome (often related to Ascaris infestation), and tropical eosinophilia (usually related to filariasis).3
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis may occur with blood eosinophilia.4
Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome (EMS) characterized by an eosinophil count of 2000 cells/mm3 or more and severe often incapacitating myalgia is possibly associated with the use of L-tryptophan-containing products (LTCPs). Further definition of this syndrome, causal association between LTCPs and EMS, and modifying etiologic factors/cofactors has been recommended and is being pursued by CDC.5,6 EMS is potentially fatal (Guillain-Barré like ascending polyneuropathy) with a clinical course resembling the toxic oil syndrome that was epidemic in Spain in 1981.7
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|005298||Eosinophil Count||711-2||015933||Eos (Absolute)||x10E3/uL||711-2|
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