Quantitation of IgG
Indicate patient's age on the request form.
Within 1 day
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
1 mL (adult), 0.4 mL (pediatric)
Red-top tube or gel-barrier tube
Samples suspected of having macroglobulins or cryoglobulins should be drawn and held at 37°C. Samples suspected of containing cold agglutinins should not be refrigerated prior to serum separation from clot.
Evaluate humoral immunity; monitor therapy in IgG myeloma; evaluate patients, especially children and those with lymphoma, with propensity to infections
If samples containing macroglobulins, cryoglobulins, or cold agglutinins are handled at incorrect temperatures, false low values may result.
0 to 10 d
11 d to 6 m
7 to 11 m
1 to 3 y
4 to 6 y
7 to 9 y
10 to 11 y
12 to 13 y
14 to 15 y
16 to 19 y
Immunoglobulin G is the major antibody containing protein fraction of blood. With significant decreases in IgG level, on either a congenital or acquired basis, there is an increased susceptibility to infectious processes ordinarily dealt with by humoral antibody (ie, bacterial infection). Thus, patients with repeated infection should have their immunoglobulins, and specifically IgG, measured. Therapy with exogenous γ-globulins may be efficacious in such patients. Conversely, IgG levels will be increased in immunocompetent individuals responding to a wide variety of infections or inflammatory insults (indeed, this represents the basis of the serologic diagnosis of infectious diseases). IgG specific antibody can now be demonstrated for numerous organisms, and when coupled with IgM specific antibody, can give an accurate diagnosis of acute or chronic infection. Today, a major cause for a polyclonal increase in IgG is the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Monoclonal IgG can be demonstrated in many cases of multiple myeloma. 3 g/dL of monoclonal IgG is a major diagnostic criterion for myeloma. Oligoclonal IgG can be seen in multiple sclerosis and some chronic hepatitides.
A monoclonal gammopathy may be present when the total IgG value is in the normal range. While many of these patients do not have multiple myeloma, evaluation of these patients for evaluation of the gammopathy and the presence of Bence Jones protein in urine is important.
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|001776||Immunoglobulin G, Qn, Serum||2465-3||001776||Immunoglobulin G, Qn, Serum||mg/dL||2465-3|
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