HLA B*57:01, Abacavir Hypersensitivity HLA Association Test

CPT: 81381
Updated on 8/9/2019
Print Share

Synonyms

  • Abacavir Hypersensitivity HLA Association
  • B*5701
  • B*57:01
  • B5701
  • HLA Antigen B*57:01
  • HLA B*5701
  • HLA B57
  • HLA B5701
  • Hypersensitivity

Special Instructions

If you have questions, please telephone 800-533-1037 (HLA customer service) for assistance in selecting the proper HLA test for the patient.


Expected Turnaround Time

3 - 7 days


Related Documents


Specimen Requirements


Specimen

Whole blood or buccal swabs


Volume

7 mL whole blood or four buccal swabs


Minimum Volume

3 mL whole blood or four buccal swabs


Container

Lavender-top (EDTA) tube or four buccal swabs in a sealed envelope (buccal swab kit). When submitting buccal swabs, please use a buccal swab kit provided by LabCorp. To obtain the buccal swab kit, please telephone 800-533-1037.

Lavender-top (EDTA) tube or four buccal swabs in a sealed envelope (buccal swab kit). When submitting buccal swabs, please use a buccal swab kit provided by LabCorp. To obtain the buccal swab kit, please telephone 800-533-1037 or order it here.

Lavender-top (EDTA) tube or four buccal swabs in a sealed envelope (buccal swab kit). When submitting buccal swabs, please use a buccal swab kit provided by LabCorp. To obtain the buccal swab kit, please telephone 800-533-1037.


Storage Instructions

Maintain blood specimen at room temperature. Keep buccal swabs dry and at room temperature.


Causes for Rejection

Hemolysis; clotted specimen; insufficient amount of DNA on buccal swabs


Test Details


Use

Determine the presence of B57 antigen


Limitations

Even with appropriate precautions, an occasional specimen may not be satisfactory for testing. In such cases, an additional specimen should be collected for testing.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined, by LabCorp. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).


Methodology

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes (SSOP)

This is a class I allele-specific test.


Additional Information

Abacavir hypersensitivity has been shown to be associated with the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B*57:01 of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). The MHC family of genes codes for a highly variable set of cell surface glycoproteins (HLAs) that play a critical role in presenting antigens to T cell receptors to elicit an immune response. The presence of the HLA-B*57:01 allele increases the susceptibility to abacavir hypersensitivity in several populations studied.


LOINC® Map

Order Code Order Code Name Order Loinc Result Code Result Code Name UofM Result LOINC
006926 HLA B5701 Test 42358-2 006930 Result 42358-2

For Providers

Please login to order a test.

 

© 2019  Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings and Lexi-Comp Inc. All Rights Reserved.

CPT Statement/Profile Statement

The LOINC® codes are copyright © 1994-2018, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. Permission is granted in perpetuity, without payment of license fees or royalties, to use, copy, or distribute the LOINC® codes for any commercial or non-commercial purpose, subject to the terms under the license agreement found at https://loinc.org/license/. Additional information regarding LOINC® codes can be found at LOINC.org, including the LOINC Manual, which can be downloaded at LOINC.org/downloads/files/LOINCManual.pdf