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- Stool for Giardia lamblia
Immunoassay for Giardia lamblia
Rapid detection of Giardia lamblia from clinical samples
Enzyme immunoassay (EIA)
2 g (thumbnail size portion of stool), 2 mL liquid stool
2 g, 2 mL stool in formalin portion of O&P transport kit
Fecal specimens for parasitic examination should be collected before initiation of antidiarrheal therapy or antiparasitic therapy. The highest yield on hospitalized patients occurs when diarrhea is present on admission or within 72 hours of admission. The onset of diarrhea more than 72 hours after admission is usually caused by Clostridium difficile toxin rather than parasites or the usual stool pathogens. The following recommendations are made for efficient and cost-effective diagnosis of diarrheal disease in patients admitted with gastroenteritis.
• Submit one or two specimens per diarrheal illness immediately. Consider first requesting the EIA for Giardia and Cryptosporidium (see test Cryptosporidium, Direct Detection EIA  or panel Giardia lamblia, Direct Detection EIA and Cryptosporidium, Direct Detection EIA . Giardia and Cryptosporidium are the most common causes of parasitic gastroenteritis in the United States.
• If EIAs are negative, request add-on testing for Ova and Parasites Examination  and submit an additional stool specimen after five days for O&P examination.
• Also consider testing for unusual stool pathogens (Cyclospora Smear, Stool ), especially in the immunocompromised patient.
Maintain specimen in O&P transport with formalin at room temperature or refrigerate and test within two months of collection. Stool collected in Cary Blair medium should be refrigerated or frozen and tested within one week of collection. Stool in sterile container should be frozen, or it can be kept refrigerated if tested within 48 hours.
Causes for Rejection
Inappropriate specimen transport device; specimens in PVA; specimens other than stool; specimens received other than described; inadequate labeling; specimen received after prolonged delay
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|182204||Giardia lamblia Ag, EIA||6412-1||182204||Giardia lamblia Ag, EIA||6412-1|