When a person has higher than normal blood sugar levels, a doctor could diagnose them with prediabetes. Prediabetes means that blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.1 Prediabetes is serious because it could increase a person’s chances of diabetes later.3-5 In most cases, someone might not have any symptoms of prediabetes, but their health is still at risk. Currently, it is estimated that approximately 1 in 3 (84 million) US adults 18 years and older have prediabetes.2
Risk factors associated with prediabetes includes: 1,5
If your doctor suspects you may have prediabetes, a blood test can be ordered to check your blood sugar levels. If test results confirm you have prediabetes, your doctor may then order lab tests to check your cholesterol levels and kidney health.
|Fasting Plasma Glucose||65 – 99 mg/dL||100 – 125 mg/dL||≥126 mg/dL|
|≤5.6 %||5.7 – 6.4 %||>6.4 %|
|Oral Glucose Tolerance Test||65 – 99 mg/dL||140 – 199 mg/dL||≥200 mg/dL|
You may be able to delay or prevent diabetes with lifestyle changes such as those recommended by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-led National Diabetes Prevention Program: 1,4
A person with higher than normal blood sugar are at higher risk for developing the following conditions:3,5
Changes to diet and becoming more physically active could help a person with prediabetes to get back to normal blood sugar levels.7 If no action is taken, prediabetes is likely to become diabetes within 10 years or less.3
Note: This material is provided for general information purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for medical advice and/or consultation with a physician or technical expert.