Generation of new oncology cell models through long-term acclimation under hypoxic and hyperbaric culture conditions

April 7, 2024

AACR 2024 -- Traditional cancer cell lines used as surrogate models in vitro and in vivo have made significant contributions to cancer research and drug discovery. While cell culture and animal studies are critical steps in determining the efficacy, pharmacodynamics, and mechanism of action of novel anti-cancer drugs, it is well-known that cells grown in 2D culture systems have modified growth characteristics and different responses to chemotherapeutic drugs compared to tumors in vivo as a result of differing structural and environmental conditions that fail to replicate in vivo tumor microenvironments (TME). AVATAR bioreactors (Xcell Biosciences, San Francisco, CA) were invented to address these limitations by providing discrete control over oxygen and hyperbaric pressure levels to better mimic the in vivo environment and allow cultured cells to be grown in conditions that mimic the human body. To better serve preclinical research needs, we generated new tumor cell models by long-term acclimating (LTA) existing cancer cells in the AVATAR incubator system using 1% O2 and 2 PSI conditions similar to the conditions expected in TME.