Accessibility

LabCorp and its Specialty Testing Group, a fully integrated portfolio of specialty and esoteric testing laboratories.

MGMT (O6-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase) Gene Methylation Assay

CPT: 81287; 88381
Updated on 12/9/2019
Print Share

Synonyms

  • O6-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase (MGMT)

Special Instructions

This assay is currently not available in New York state.

Please provide a copy of the pathology report. Sample submission without a copy of the pathology report may delay testing. Please direct any questions regarding this test to customer service at 800-345-4363.

This assay is not approved for New York State residents.

Please provide a copy of the pathology report. Sample submission without a copy of the pathology report may delay testing. Please direct any questions regarding this test to customer service at 800-345-4363.

This assay is currently not available in New York state.

Please provide a copy of the pathology report. Sample submission without a copy of the pathology report may delay testing. Please direct any questions regarding this test to customer service at 800-345-4363.


Expected Turnaround Time

7 - 10 days


Related Documents

For more information, please view the literature below.

MGMT Gene Methylation Assay: A Biomarker for Therapy Consideration in Glioblastoma


    Specimen Requirements


    Specimen

    Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks or slides.


    Volume

    FFPE tissue block or four unstained slides at 5 μM and one matching H&E slide or five precut unstained slides from a paraffin block in 5-μM sections.


    Minimum Volume

    Two unstained slides at 5 μM and one matching H&E slide or three unstained slides at 5 μM (Note: Samples with >4 mm² and ≥50% tumor content are preferred.)


    Collection

    FFPE tissue block or four unstained slides at 5 μM and one matching H&E slide or five precut unstained slides from a paraffin block in 5-μM sections.


    Storage Instructions

    Maintain blocks/slides at room temperature.


    Causes for Rejection

    Tissue is not primary brain tumor; tumor block containing insufficient tumor tissue (<4mm2); tumor fixed in a heavy metal fixative; broken or stained slides; decalcified specimens

    Tissue is not primary brain tumor; tumor block containing insufficient tumor tissue (<4mm2); tumor fixed in a heavy metal fixative; broken or stained slides; decalcified specimens

    Tissue is not primary brain tumor; tumor block containing insufficient tumor tissue (<4mm2); tumor fixed in a heavy metal fixative; broken or stained slides; decalcified specimens

    Tissue is not primary brain tumor; tumor block containing insufficient tumor tissue (<4mm2); tumor fixed in a heavy metal fixative; broken or stained slides; decalcified specimens

    Tissue is not primary brain tumor; tumor block containing insufficient tumor tissue (<4mm2); tumor fixed in a heavy metal fixative; broken or stained slides; decalcified specimens


    Test Details


    Use

    MGMT (O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) is a DNA repair enzyme that is involved in the repair of damage caused by a variety DNA cross-linking compounds, including alkylating agents. Increased methylation of the MGMT gene promoter region causes diminished or silenced expression of the gene, making cells more sensitive to DNA damage. The relationship has been shown for glioblastomas and alkylating agents such as temozolomide (Temodar®).


    Limitations

    Preparation of DNA from tissue samples is dependent upon the quality of the provided specimen. Inadequate DNA extraction may occur in a significant number of paraffin-embedded samples.


    Methodology

    Quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR)


    Additional Information

    Approximately 40% to 50% of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors exhibit MGMT gene methylation. Retrospective studies have shown that detection of MGMT promoter methylation in tumor samples is associated with an increased likelihood of a favorable response to temozolomide.


    References

    Brandes AA, Franceschi E, Tosoni A, et al. MGMT promoter methylation status can predict the incidence and outcome of pseudoprogression after concomitant radiochemotherapy in newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients. J Clin Oncol. 2008 May 1; 26(13):2192-2197.18445844
    Hau P, Stupp R, Hegi ME. MGMT methylation status: The advent of stratified therapy in glioblastoma? Dis Markers. 2007; 23(1-2):97-104.17325429
    Hegi ME, Diserens AC, Gorlia T, et al. MGMT gene silencing and benefit from temozolomide in glioblastoma. N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 10; 352(10):997-1003.15758010
    Vlassenbroeck I, Califice S, Diserens AC, et al. Validation of real-time methylation-specific PCR to determine O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene promoter methylation in glioma. J Mol Diagn. 2008 Jul; 10(4):332-337.18556773

    LOINC® Map

    Order Code Order Code Name Order Loinc Result Code Result Code Name UofM Result LOINC
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 489281 Result: 60252-4
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 489268 Methylation Score: 64083-9
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 489283 Block Number: N/A
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 489284 Background: 77202-0
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 489299 Methodology: 49549-9
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 489286 References: N/A
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 489282 Director Review: 72486-4
    489280 MGMT Methylation Assay 480903 Microdissection Performed 8100-0

    For Providers

    Please login to order a test

    Order a Test

    © 2019 Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings and Lexi-Comp Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    CPT Statement/Profile Statement

    The LOINC® codes are copyright © 1994-2018, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. Permission is granted in perpetuity, without payment of license fees or royalties, to use, copy, or distribute the LOINC® codes for any commercial or non-commercial purpose, subject to the terms under the license agreement found at https://loinc.org/license/. Additional information regarding LOINC® codes can be found at LOINC.org, including the LOINC Manual, which can be downloaded at LOINC.org/downloads/files/LOINCManual.pdf