Accessibility

LabCorp and its Specialty Testing Group, a fully integrated portfolio of specialty and esoteric testing laboratories.

β2-Glycoprotein 1 Antibodies, IgA

CPT: 86146
Updated on 01/29/2020
Print Share

Synonyms

  • Anti-β2 Glycoprotein 1
  • Beta-2 Glycoprotein 1 Antibodies

Test Includes

Semiquantitative results for IgA antibodies against β2-glycoproteins

Semiquantitative results for IgA antibodies against β2-glycoproteins


Expected Turnaround Time

2 - 3 days



Related Documents

For more information, please view the literature below.

Procedures for Hemostasis and Thrombosis: A Clinical Test Compendium


Specimen Requirements


Specimen

Serum


Volume

1 mL


Minimum Volume

0.5 mL


Container

Red-top tube or gel-barrier tube


Storage Instructions

Refrigerate


Stability Requirements

Temperature

Period

Room temperature

7 days

Refrigerated

7 days

Frozen

7 days

Freeze/thaw cycles

Stable x3


Test Details


Use

Assess the risk of thrombosis in patients who may be at risk for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This test should be used in conjunction with current traditional anticardiolipin and anticoagulant tests.1


Limitations

Anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 should not be used alone as a screening test for antiphospholipid syndrome.


Methodology

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect antibodies binding to a microtiter plate coated with purified β2-glycoprotein 1 antigen


Reference Interval

0−25 GP1 IgA units


Additional Information

A common aspect to all assays for anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA) is the requirement that the assay system include a source of plasma proteins.2 It has been determined that, in many patients, β2-glycoprotein 1 (β2-GP1) is the plasma factor required for ACA binding.2,3 Solid-phase enzyme immunoassays that detect antibodies that bind to β2-GP1 in the absence of phospholipid are now part of the diagnostic arsenal for APS. β2-GP1-dependent binding is frequently detected in patients with clinical symptoms of APS.2 All three isotypes of anti-β2-GP1 (IgG, IgM, and IgA) have been associated with thrombosis.2,4,5 ACA that do not require β2-GP1 are usually transient and not clinically significant. Studies have shown that ACA associated with infections tend to not be β2-GP1-dependent.3 This supports the conclusion that anti-β2-GP1 assays may be more specific for APS than ACA.3,6,7 While the majority of patients with LA will also test positive for ACA and β2-GP1 antibodies, approximately 30% of patients tested will have discordant results.8,9 Approximately 20% of patients who test negative for ACA will test positive for β2-GP1.8 Anti-β2-GP1 testing can be useful in the evaluation of patients with positive ACA results and a clinical picture that is not consistent with APS.2,3,7 A negative anti-β2-GP1 result in this context would not support a diagnosis of APS. Anti-β2-GP1 testing can also support the diagnosis of APS in patients with a strong clinical picture for APS with negative LA and ACA results.7


Footnotes

6. Adcock DM, Bethel MA, Macy PA. Coagulation Handbook. Aurora, Colo: Esoterix−Colorado Coagulation; 2006.
2. Reddel SW, Krilis SA. Testing for and clinical significance of anticardiolipin antibodies. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1999; 6(6):775-782. 10548562
3. Carreras LO, Forastiero RR, Martinuzzo ME. Which are the best biological markers of the antiphospholipid syndrome? J Autoimmun. 2000; 15(2):163-172. 10968904
4. Brey RL, Abbott RD, Curb JD, et al. Beta2-glycoprotein 1-dependent anticardiolipin antibodies and risk of ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction: The Honolulu Heart Program. Stroke. 2001; 32(8):1701-1706. 11486093
5. Greco TP, Amos MD, Conti-Kelly AM, et al. Testing for the antiphospholipid syndrome: Importance of IgA anti-beta 2-glycoprotein 1. Lupus. 2000; 9(1):33-41. 10713645
6. Levine JS, Branch DW, Rauch J. The antiphospholipid syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2002; 346(10):752-763. 11882732
7. Harris EN, Pierangeli SS, Gharavi AE. Diagnosis of the antiphospholipid syndrome: A proposal for use of laboratory tests. Lupus. 1998; 7(Suppl 2):S144-S148. 9814693
8. Hirsh J, Anand SS, Halperin JL, et al. Guide to anticoagulant therapy: Heparin: A statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2001; 103(24):2994-3018. 11413093
9. Triplett DA. Coagulation abnormalities. In: McClatchey KD, ed. Clinical Laboratory Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2002:1033-1049.

References

Miyakis S, Lockshin MD, Atsumi T, et al. International consensus statement on an update of the classification criteria for definite antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). J Thromb Haemost. 2006; 4(2):295-306. 16420554

LOINC® Map

Order Code Order Code Name Order Loinc Result Code Result Code Name UofM Result LOINC
163900 Beta-2 Glycoprotein I Ab, IgA 21108-6 163899 Beta-2 Glycoprotein I Ab, IgA GPI IgA units 21108-6

For Providers

Please login to order a test

Order a Test

© 2020 Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings and Lexi-Comp Inc. All Rights Reserved.

CPT Statement/Profile Statement

The LOINC® codes are copyright © 1994-2020, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. Permission is granted in perpetuity, without payment of license fees or royalties, to use, copy, or distribute the LOINC® codes for any commercial or non-commercial purpose, subject to the terms under the license agreement found at https://loinc.org/license/. Additional information regarding LOINC® codes can be found at LOINC.org, including the LOINC Manual, which can be downloaded at LOINC.org/downloads/files/LOINCManual.pdf