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Values obtained with different assays should not be used interchangeably in serial testing. It is recommended that only one assay method be used consistently to monitor each patient's course of therapy. This procedure does not provide serial monitoring; it is intended for one-time use only. If serial monitoring is required, please use the serial monitoring number 480145 to order.
Within 1 day
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the ordering provider. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.
0.3 mL (Note: This volume does not allow for repeat testing.)
Red-top tube or gel-barrier tube
If a red-top tube is used, transfer separated serum to a plastic transport tube.
Maintain specimen at room temperature.
Plasma or whole blood specimen; hemolysis
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a glycoprotein produced by the epithelial cells lining the prostatic ducts and acini. Normally, it is secreted into the prostatic ducts and is present only in prostate tissue, prostatic fluid, and seminal plasma. PSA is produced by normal, hyperplastic, and cancerous prostatic tissue. PSA is used as a tumor marker for the early detection of prostate cancer and in other areas of prostate disease management.1 The Prostate-Specific Antigen Best Practice Statement: 2009 Update published by the American Urologic Association1 describes the use of PSA testing for:
• The evaluation of men at risk for prostate cancer
• Assistance in pretreatment staging
• Risk assessment posttreatment monitoring
• Use as a guide in management of men who recur after primary or secondary therapy
The measured PSA value of a patient's sample can vary depending on the testing procedure used.2 PSA values determined on patient's samples by different testing procedures cannot be directly compared with one another and could be the cause of erroneous medical interpretations.2 Results cannot be interpreted as absolute evidence of the presence or absence of malignant disease.1 The PSA value should be used in conjunction with information from clinical evaluation and other diagnostic procedures.1
PSA levels can be elevated in patients with prostatitis.1 Treatment with antibiotics will decrease PSA by approximately 30% in men whose PSA elevation is due to prostatitis alone.1 PSA can also be increased in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).1 PSA can be increased due to urethral or prostatic trauma.1 Prostate biopsy can cause substantial elevation of PSA levels.1 Cystoscopy may increase PSA levels immediately after testing.1 Ejaculation and DRE have been reported to increase PSA levels but studies have shown the effects to be variable or insignificant.1 PSA testing can be performed with reasonable accuracy after rectal examination.1
Surgical castration or medical castration (with LHRH-agonist or antiandrogen therapy) can lower PSA levels dramatically.1 Finasteride and dutasteride (5-α reductase inhibitors) can lower PSA levels by approximately 50% regardless of the dose.1 Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) does not increase PSA levels.1
Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA)
Male: 0−4.0 ng/mL (Note: This interval is not intended to be used as a reference for posttreatment follow-up and monitoring of patients.)
According to the American Urological Association, serum PSA should decrease and remain at undetectable levels after radical prostatectomy. The AUA defines biochemical recurrence as an initial PSA value ≥0.2 ng/mL followed by a subsequent confirmatory PSA value ≥0.2 ng/mL.
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|010322||Prostate-Specific Ag, Serum||2857-1||010334||Prostate Specific Ag, Serum||ng/mL||2857-1|
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The LOINC® codes are copyright © 1994-2021, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. Permission is granted in perpetuity, without payment of license fees or royalties, to use, copy, or distribute the LOINC® codes for any commercial or non-commercial purpose, subject to the terms under the license agreement found at https://loinc.org/license/. Additional information regarding LOINC® codes can be found at LOINC.org, including the LOINC Manual, which can be downloaded at LOINC.org/downloads/files/LOINCManual.pdf